The ProtéoSeine plateform contributed to the publication of a new article in Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine:
Abstract: Down syndrome is the most common chromosomal abnormality in humans. Patients with Down syndrome have hematologic disorders, including mild to moderate thrombocytopenia. In case of Down syndrome, thrombocytopenia is not associated with bleeding, and it remains poorly characterized regarding molecular mechanisms. We investigated the effects of overexpression of Dyrk1A, an important factor contributing to some major Down syndrome phenotypes, on platelet number and bleeding in mice. Mice overexpressing Dyrk1A have a decrease in platelet number by 20%. However, bleeding time was found to be reduced by 50%. The thrombocytopenia and the decreased bleeding time observed were not associated to an abnormal platelet receptors expression, to a defect of platelet activation by ADP, thrombin or convulxin, to the presence of activated platelets in the circulation or to an abnormal half-life of the platelets. To propose molecular mechanisms explaining this discrepancy, we performed a network analysis of Dyrk1A interactome and demonstrated that Dyrk1A, fibronectin and fibrinogen interact indirectly through two distinct clusters of proteins. Moreover, in mice overexpressing Dyrk1A, increased plasma fibronectin and fibrinogen levels were found, linked to an increase of the hepatic fibrinogen production. Our results indicate that overexpression of Dyrk1A in mice induces decreased bleeding consistent with increased plasma fibronectin and fibrinogen levels, revealing a new role of Dyrk1A depending on its indirect interaction with these two proteins.