L’équipe Raote a contribué à la publication d’un nouvel article dans PNAS :
Résumé : Newly synthesized secretory proteins are exported from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) at specialized subcompartments called exit sites (ERES). Cargoes like procollagen are too large for export by the standard COPII-coated vesicle of 60 nm average diameter. We have previously suggested that procollagen is transported from the ER to the next secretory organelle, the ER–Golgi intermediate compartment (ERGIC), in TANGO1-dependent interorganelle tunnels. In the theoretical model presented here, we suggest that intrinsically disordered domains of TANGO1 in the ER lumen induce an entropic contraction, which exerts a force that draws procollagen toward the ERES. Within this framework, molecular gradients of pH and/or HSP47 between the ER and ERGIC create a force in the order of tens of femto-Newtons. This force is substantial enough to propel procollagen from the ER at a speed of approximately 1 nm · s−1. This calculated speed and the quantities of collagen secreted are similar to its observed physiological secretion rate in fibroblasts, consistent with the proposal that ER export is the rate-limiting step for procollagen secretion. Hence, the mechanism we propose is theoretically adequate to explain how cells can utilize molecular gradients and export procollagens at a rate commensurate with physiological needs.